Rheumatic Heart Disease

Damage to cardiac valves or to myocardium caused by exposure to Rheumatic fever.

Rheumatic fever is a disease inflicting mainly children and young adults and is a late complication of upper respiratory tract infection by the microorganism Streptococcus Pyogenes. The main characteristics are fever, arthritis and a specific rash on the face.

Symptoms that can evidence to cardiac involvement may occur, among others Myocarditis (inflammatory disease of the heart muscle, Endocarditis (inflammatory disease of the inner layer of the heart and the valves) or Pericarditis (inflammatory disease of the outer heart cover)