This is a very frequent disorder, characterized by blood pressure elevation on repeat measurements with values exceeding 140/90 mm Hg.
According to the recent guidelines of the Israeli Hypertension Association, blood pressure values below 120/80 mm Hg are defined as normal, values between 120-139/80-89 mm Hg require follow-up, because people with values in this range are at a double risk for developing Hypertension in the future.
Values between 140/90 and 159/99 mm Hg are defined as mild Hypertension and values above 180/110 mm Hg are defined as severe Hypertension.
Values between mild and severe constitute moderate Hypertension.
In the vast majority of cases, the causative factor is unknown.
In the minority of cases, an organic cause can be found, such as kidney problems, hormonal (endocrine) disorders and others.
In the medical literature, this disorder is called “silent killer”, because it is usually symptomless.
Therefore, it is very important to adopt a habit of measuring blood pressure periodically in order to detect the disease timely.
After the initial diagnosis is made, the treatment is established. The first step of the treatment is usually a change in life style leading to weight loss, physical activity and dietary adaptations.
If no response is present, a therapeutic attempt with drugs is performed.
There are many anti-hypertensive drugs with different action mechanisms.
In most cases, treatment is necessary for lifetime.
Treatment and balancing are very important, because this disorder is one of the most important risk factors for the development of Ischemic heart disease.