Aorta

A blood vessel of arterial type, which is the largest artery in the human body. It originates from the left ventricle of the heart and ends in the pelvis, where it divides into two femoral arteries, each of which supplies one of the lower extremities, the right and the left, respectively. Along its entire course, smaller arteries originate from the aorta, which supply oxygenated blood to all body organs.